State Mindful Attention Awareness as a Dyadic Protective Factor During COVID-19: a Daily Diary Study

Yonatan Perelman, Brian Don, Eran Bar-Kalifa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Accumulating evidence suggests that mindfulness, as a trait, can be a form of personal resilience to stress. However, mindfulness is considered a present-moment state which makes it important to focus on its state-level (vs. trait-level) effects. Modern theories of stress suggest that coping with stress often involves interpersonal processes, and it is therefore valuable to clarify mindfulness interpersonal (vs. intrapersonal) stress-buffering effects. The current study examined mindful attention awareness as a dyadic protective factor at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A convenience sample of 72 cohabiting romantic couples participated in a 21-day daily diary study. The background (pre-diary) questionnaire assessed their experience of COVID-related stressors (e.g., financial and health-related burdens). The diary assessed state mindful attention awareness, mood, COVID-related stress, relationship satisfaction, and perceived partner responsiveness (PPR). Results: A series of Actor-Partner Interdependence Multilevel Models were used to analyze the dyadic data. Actor state mindful awareness was associated with better daily personal (mood and stress) and relational (PPR and satisfaction) outcomes. Partner state mindful awareness was associated with higher PPR. Actor state mindful awareness also attenuated the association between pre-diary COVID-related stressors and daily COVID-related stress. Conclusion: State mindfulness may serve as a dyadic protective factor when couples face stressful circumstances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3134-3144
Number of pages11
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Daily diaries
  • Mindfulness
  • Romantic partners

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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