Spheres of citizenship: The role of distinct perceived threats in legitimizing allocation of political, welfare and cultural rights in Israel

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Abstract

The question of who is excluded from full citizenship stands at the heart of the political and scholarly debate. This issue is highly relevant considering the gap between those whose substantive citizenship is taken for granted and various " strangers" This paper addresses the issue by exploring the motivations that shape patterns of exclusion from full citizenship. The aim is to understand the attitudes of the dominant group regarding allocation of different kinds of rights to minorities under the impact of intergroup hostility and threat perception. Looking at dominant group perceptions makes it possible to explore the role of economic, symbolic and security threat perceptions as antecedents of exclusionist attitudes towards welfare, cultural and political rights for three dissimilar minorities in Israel: Palestinian citizens of Israel, non-Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union and ultra-Orthodox Jews. Analysis has indicated that regardless of the dissimilarity between the three minority groups there is a clear pattern of hierarchy of attitudes toward rights allocation. However, only the symbolic threat plays an identical role in shaping these attitudes toward the three groups. These findings emphasize the significance of the cultural dimension of citizenship.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)213-225
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Citizenship rights
  • Exclusionist attitudes
  • Israel
  • Minorities
  • Threat perceptions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Business and International Management
  • Sociology and Political Science

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