A valued constraint satisfaction problem (VCSP) instance (V;Πω) is a set of variables V with a set of constraints Π weighted by ω. Given a VCSP instance, we are interested in a reweighted subinstance (V;Π'⊃ Π, ω') that preserves the value of the given instance (under every assignment to the variables) within factor 1 ± ∈. A well-studied special case is cut sparsification in graphs, which has found various applications. We show that a VCSP instance consisting of a single boolean predicate P(x, y) (e.g., for cut, P = XOR) can be sparsified into O(|V|=∈2) constraints iff the number of inputs that satisfy P is anything but one (i.e., |P-1(1)| ≠ 1). Furthermore, this sparsity bound is tight unless P is a relatively trivial predicate. We conclude that also systems of 2SAT (or 2LIN) constraints can be sparsified.
- Boolean predicates
- Cut sparsification
- Valued constraint satisfaction problem
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