Sintering of spherical particles of two immiscible phases controlled by surface and interphase boundary diffusion

L. Klinger, E. Rabkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We propose a model of sintering of axisymmetrical particles of two immiscible, non-reacting phases controlled by self-diffusion along the particle surfaces and along the interphase boundary (IB) separating the particles. The model relies on a variational method of calculating the chemical potentials of the species diffusing along the IB, and on the explicit scheme of treating the displacements of the triple line where two surfaces and the IB meet. Our numerical results demonstrate that mutual wettability and relative size of the particles do not affect the shrinkage rate during the initial stages of sintering. At the final stages, better mutual wettability results in larger shrinkage. A large difference between the surface and IB diffusivities of two species results in transient morphologies of sintered particles which are very different both from the initial and the final configurations. Based on published data on the kinetics of sintering of three-particle W-Cu-W agglomerates [J.-S. Lee et al., Acta Mater. 60 (2012) 123-130], the self-diffusion coefficient of Cu along the Cu-W interface at 1000 °C was estimated at (3.3 ± 0.8) × 10-9 m2 s-1, which is comparable to the surface self-diffusion coefficient of Cu at the same temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2607-2616
Number of pages10
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 2013


  • Interface diffusion
  • Sintering
  • Surface diffusion
  • Theory

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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