Sharing knowledge data to avoid and reduce disasters

Dan Ophir, Piotr Wiśniewski, Doron Greenberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Knowledge management is a fundamental area of research in an era of digital disruption. Its subset, data management, is critical during emergencies when effective and immediate treatment is necessary. Therefore, the following computerized management system is being proposed. The system is highly universal in scope and is geared toward various disasters types. This research The proposed methodology of disaster management, accompanied by examples and response mechanisms follows from the following classification: 1. Negatively affected quantity: population, land, mass etc. 2. Damage type: physical, psychological trauma, economic loss; 3. Damage source: human or state-sponsored (missile strikes), natural disasters (earthquakes, tornados, floods, tsunamis); 4. Disaster management dynamics: 4.1. Perception - e.g. seismic warnings, synoptic map of far-flung areas, intelligence gathering; 4.2. Data Analysis - the direction and velocity of disaster spread (e.g. monitoring the direction and velocity of wind propagation); 4.3. Customized Warning - e.g. based on GPS location; 4.4. Plotting an escape route as per criteria driven by personal; 5. Disaster overlap - The disasters may appear in various combinations, which amplifies their impact for example merging two following parameters 5.1. Weather - (intensity and direction) has a relatively high incidence alongside disasters. 5.2. Communication - Outage communication combined with a given disaster greatly complicates disaster management as well as victim aid and treatment. 6. Tools: The parameters of the proposed system have been displayed above. 6.1. Simulation - the disaster is functionally simplified and simulated emphasizing the focus localization, describing the waves and the intensity. 6.2. Customization - individual treatment of each case by collecting and encoding all relevant information; 6.3. Computerized communication enables a quick mobilization of aid resources and volunteers according to their location and their professional profile. 6.4. GPS - pinpointing the exact position of the injured and the volunteers, expressed in geographic coordinates. Disasters' complexity, overlap, and coincidence indicate the need for a coordinated approach based on an efficient pooling of available resources under one common authority. Thus, the proposed system enables an efficient and synchronized reaction to mass emergency events. The benefits of the system lie in its flexibility, timeliness, effectiveness of response as well as universal applicability.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 20th European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM 2019
EditorsEduardo Tome, Francisco Cesario, Raquel Reis Soares
PublisherAcademic Conferences Limited
Pages841-848
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781912764327
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Event20th European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM 2019 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 5 Sep 20196 Sep 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM
Volume2

Conference

Conference20th European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM 2019
Country/TerritoryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period5/09/196/09/19

Keywords

  • Customization
  • Data management
  • Disaster management cycle
  • Google Maps
  • Knowledge management
  • Post-trauma treatment
  • Risk management
  • Simulation
  • Virality
  • Waze

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research

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