Abstract: To decouple dimensional flow perturbation quantities, a probe optimization method is proposed for multi-wire constant temperature anemometry in transonic flow conditions. Historically, hotwire measurements of density, velocity, and total temperature fluctuations in transonic flows are challenging due to the complexity of calibration and difficulties in obtaining a probe with favorably conditioned sensitivity matrix. Based on universal empirical correlation for heated cylinders in compressible flow, the current method relies on evaluation of wire-voltage sensitivities to density, velocity, and total temperature perturbations. To maximize the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the decoupling, a two-step optimization-sifting procedure is developed. The first-step optimization maximizes a value function geared towards lower sensitivity-matrix condition numbers, better robustness against wire temperature-setting errors, and large sensitivities. From the resulting Pareto front, the second step sifts further through the candidate probes by decoupling simulated noisy voltage and ranking the probes by their decoupling quality. The performance of the optimal wire temperatures and diameters combination is contrasted against probes stemming from a naive selection from the parameter space. According to the artificial data, only the optimal probes enable decoupling with reasonable SNR. Finally, the research effort proposes guidelines to define a probe with desirable properties, applicable across a wide range of transonic flow conditions. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes