Seeking the “point of no return” in the sequence of events leading to mortality of mature trees

Yakir Preisler, Fedor Tatarinov, José M. Grünzweig, Dan Yakir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Drought-related tree mortality is increasing globally, but the sequence of events leading to it remains poorly understood. To identify this sequence, we used a 2016 tree mortality event in a semi-arid pine forest where dendrometry and sap flow measurements were carried out in 31 trees, of which seven died. A comparative analysis revealed three stages leading to mortality. First, a decrease in tree diameter in all dying trees, but not in the surviving trees, 8 months “prior to the visual signs of mortality” (PVSM; e.g., near complete canopy browning). Second, a decay to near zero in the diurnal stem swelling/shrinkage dynamics, reflecting the loss of stem radial water flow in the dying trees, 6 months PVSM. Third, cessation of stem sap flow 3 months PVSM. Eventual mortality could therefore be detected long before visual signs were observed, and the three stages identified here demonstrated the differential effects of drought on stem growth, water storage capacity and soil water uptake. The results indicated that breakdown of stem radial water flow and phloem function is a critical element in defining the “point of no return” in the sequence of events leading to mortality of mature trees.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1315-1328
Number of pages14
JournalPlant, Cell and Environment
Volume44
Issue number5
Early online date11 Nov 2020
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Dendrometer
  • Drought
  • Phloem functioning
  • Phloem transport
  • Radial water flow
  • Sap-flow
  • Stem
  • Water transport
  • Xylem

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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