Security networks, deep states, and the democratic deficit in the Middle East

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article argues that part of the reason why some Middle Eastern states remain democratically challenged is the emergence, operation, and political influence of “security networks” and “deep states” — informal actors in the area of national security. The article explains what these actors are, situates them in a broad theoretical and comparative perspective, assesses their impact on democratic development, and provides examples from Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, and Egypt.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)447-465
Number of pages19
JournalMIDDLE EAST JOURNAL
Volume72
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Sociology and Political Science

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