RNA modifications as a common denominator between tRNA and mRNA

Ofri Levi, Arava Yoav

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent studies underscore RNA modifications as a novel mechanism to coordinate expression and function of different genes. While modifications on the sugar or base moieties of tRNA are well known, their roles in mRNA regulation are only starting to emerge. Interestingly, some modifications are present in both tRNA and mRNA, and here we discuss the functional significance of these common features. We describe key modifications that are present in both RNA types, elaborate on proteins that interact with them, and indicate recent works that identify roles in communicating tRNA processes and mRNA regulation. We propose that as tools are developed, the shortlist of features that are common between types of RNA will greatly expand and proteins that interact with them will be identified. In conclusion, the presence of the same modification in both RNA types provides an intersect between tRNA processes and mRNA regulation and implies a novel mechanism for connecting diverse cellular processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-551
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Genetics
Volume67
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Inosine
  • Pseudouridine
  • RNA binding proteins
  • RNA modifications
  • Translation
  • m(5)C
  • m(6)A
  • mRNA
  • tRNA

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