Rhizosphere microbiome mediates systemic root metabolite exudation by root-to-root signaling

Elisa Korenblum, Yonghui Dong, Jedrzej Szymanski, Sayantan Panda, Adam Jozwiak, Hassan Massalha, Sagit Meir, Ilana Rogachev, Asaph Aharoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Microbial communities associated with roots confer specific functions to their hosts, thereby modulating plant growth, health, and productivity. Yet, seminal questions remain largely unaddressed including whether and how the rhizosphere microbiome modulates root metabolism and exudation and, consequently, how plants fine tune this complex belowground web of interactions. Here we show that, through a process termed systemically induced root exudation of metabolites (SIREM), different microbial communities induce specific systemic changes in tomato root exudation. For instance, systemic exudation of acylsugars secondary metabolites is triggered by local colonization of bacteria affiliated with the genus Bacillus. Moreover, both leaf and systemic root metabolomes and transcriptomes change according to the rhizosphere microbial community structure. Analysis of the systemic root metabolome points to glycosylated azelaic acid as a potential microbiome-induced signaling molecule that is subsequently exuded as free azelaic acid. Our results demonstrate that rhizosphere microbiome assembly drives the SIREM process at the molecular and chemical levels. It highlights a thus-far unexplored long-distance signaling phenomenon that may regulate soil conditioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3874-3883
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number7
Early online date3 Feb 2020
StatePublished - 18 Feb 2020


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