Review of Material Efficiency Policies for Climate Change Mitigation

Tamar Makov, Reid Lifset

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Measuring the material efficiency gains from policy
requires the use of life-cycle assessment and
related life-cycle approaches to reveal synergies
and trade-offs across the product life cycle.
Policies for end-of-life management would benefit
from a more direct focus on the reduction of GHG
emissions. Monitoring and indicator systems
alone will not reveal whether a policy is effective.
More widespread use of ex post evaluations,
experimental studies and counterfactual analyses
are needed.
To reduce greenhouse gases, a series of steps is
needed: policies must stimulate the adoption of
material efficiency policies; those policies must
reduce material use; and the reduction of the use of
materials must, in turn, lead to lowered emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResource Efficiency and Climate Change
Subtitle of host publicationMaterial Efficiency Strategies for a Low-Carbon Future
EditorsEdgar Hertwich, Reid Lifset
StatePublished - 2020


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