Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) is a non-invasive imaging technique utilizing multi-scattered light at visible and infrared wavelengths to detect anomalies in tissues. However, the DOT image reconstruction is based on solving the inverse problem, which requires massive calculations and time. In this article, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a simple, regression-based cascaded feed-forward deep learning neural network is derived to solve the inverse problem of DOT in compressed breast geometry. The predicted data is subsequently utilized to visualize the breast tissues and their anomalies. The dataset in this study is created using a Monte-Carlo algorithm, which simulates the light propagation in the compressed breast placed inside a parallel plate source-detector geometry (forward process). The simulated DL-DOT system's performance is evaluated using the Pearson correlation coefficient (R) and the Mean squared error (MSE) metrics. Although a comparatively smaller dataset (50 nos.) is used, our simulation results show that the developed feed-forward network algorithm to solve the inverse problem delivers an increment of ∼30% over the analytical solution approach, in terms of R. Furthermore, the proposed network's MSE outperforms that of the analytical solution's MSE by a large margin revealing the robustness of the network and the adaptability of the system for potential applications in medical settings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics