Refractive error of canine cataract patients following implantation with three types of intraocular lenses

Mihal Kaminsky, Allison Hoffman, Ron Ofri, Kricket Konrade, Liat Gantz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To evaluate refractive state outcomes following phacoemulsification and implantation of 3 different intraocular lenses (IOLs). ANIMALS A prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted on 43 client-owned dogs undergoing phacoemulsification with IOL implantation. METHODS Eyes were randomized to receive either an-vision Fo-X (n = 26), an-vision MD8 (18), or I-MED I-LENS (24) IOL. Refraction was measured 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively using streak retinoscopy by 2 examiners masked to each other’s results. RESULTS Postoperative refractive outcomes were highly correlated and not significantly different between 2 examiners for all time points (r = 0.97, 0.98, and 1.00; P = .76, .94, and .98, respectively). One week postoperatively, the refractive errors (mean ± SD) for Fo-X, MD8, and I-LENS were –0.14 ± 2.02 diopters (D), 0.97 ± 2.01 D, and 0.15 ± 2.55 D, respectively. One month postoperatively, the refractive errors were 0.35 ± 2.04 D, 0.06 ± 2.41 D, and –0.82 ± 2.20 D, respectively. Three months postoperatively, the refractive errors were –0.16 ± 2.67 D, 1.60 ± 2.99 D, and 0.59 ± 1.51 D, respectively. There were no significant differences in refractive error outcomes between Fo-X, MD8, and I-LENS at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively (P = .16; F(df=2,66)- = 1.89). However, the Fo-X was the only IOL to yield nearly emmetropic outcomes (±0.50 D) at all 3 time points. CLINICAL RELEVANCE The postoperative refractive states of dogs were not statistically different when comparing 3 types of IOLs at 3 postoperative time points, though the Fo-X was the only IOL to yield nearly emmetropic outcomes at all 3 time points.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume262
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • emmetropia
  • keratometry
  • myopia
  • phacoemulsification
  • retinoscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Veterinary

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