Reference Ranges for Vermis Biometry on Prenatal Ultrasound: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Joshua I. Rosenbloom, Lauren H. Yaeger, Shay Porat

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published nomograms for fetal vermis biometry. Materials and Methods A structured literature search was conducted to identify studies that reported normal measurements of the fetal vermis. A customized quality assessment tool was used to review the selected articles. Random effects meta-analysis was used to calculate normal ranges for vermian craniocaudal diameter, anteroposterior diameter, and surface area. Results A total of 21 studies were included for qualitative review and 3 studies were included for quantitative synthesis. The 3 included articles comprised a total of 10 910 measurements from gestational ages 17-35 weeks. The quality assessment demonstrated that there was generally poor reporting regarding maternal characteristics and neonatal outcomes. Except for one article with a large sample size, the mean number of fetuses per week of gestational age was 15.9, with the lowest number being 5. There was significant statistical heterogeneity. Non-visualization rates ranged from 0-35.4 %. The craniocaudal diameter (reported in 3 articles) increased from a mean of 7.90 mm (95 % confidence interval [CI] 7.42, 8.38) at 17 weeks to 21.90 mm (95 % CI 20.63, 23.16) at 35 weeks gestation. The anteroposterior diameter (reported in 2 articles) increased from 6.30 mm (95% CI 5.42, 7.18) at 17 weeks to 15.85 (95 %CI 15.49, 16.21) at 32 weeks. Conclusion Reference ranges for vermis biometry across gestation based on meta-analysis of existing references are provided. However, because many of the underlying studies suffered from significant methodological issues, the ranges should be used with caution.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)E25-E38
JournalUltraschall in der Medizin
Issue number1
StatePublished - 7 Feb 2023


  • neurology
  • obstetrics
  • vermis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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