In this note we show that a bounded degree planar triangulation is recurrent if and only if the set of accumulation points of some/any circle packing of it is polar (that is, planar Brownian motion avoids it with probability 1). This generalizes a theorem of He and Schramm  who proved it when the set of accumulation points is either empty or a Jordan curve, in which case the graph has one end. We also show that this statement holds for any straight-line embedding with angles uniformly bounded away from 0.
- Circle packing
- Random walk
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty