Rapid end-group modification of polysaccharides for biomaterial applications in regenerative medicine

Somasekhar Bondalapati, Emil Ruvinov, Olga Kryukov, Smadar Cohen, Ashraf Brik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Polysaccharides have emerged as important functional materials because of their unique properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and availability of reactive sites for chemical modifications to optimize their properties. The overwhelming majority of the methods to modify polysaccharides employ random chemical modifications, which often improve certain properties while compromising others. On the other hand, the employed methods for selective modifications often require excess of coupling partners, long reaction times and are limited in their scope and wide applicability. To circumvent these drawbacks, aniline-catalyzed oxime formation is developed for selective modification of a variety of polysaccharides through their reducing end. Notably, it is found that for efficient oxime formation, different conditions are required depending on the composition of the specific polysaccharide. It is also shown how our strategy can be applied to improve the physical and functional properties of alginate hydrogels, which are widely used in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications. While the randomly and selectively modified alginate exhibits similar viscoelastic properties, the latter forms significantly more stable hydrogel and superior cell adhesive and functional properties. Our results show that the developed conjugation reaction is robust and should open new opportunities for preparing polysaccharide-based functional materials with unique properties. (Chemical Equation Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1754-1762
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecular Rapid Communications
Volume35
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Alginate hydrogels
  • Aniline catalysis
  • Oxime conjugation
  • Polysaccharides
  • Regenerative medicine

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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