Rab1b facilitates lipid droplet growth by ER–to–lipid droplet targeting of DGAT2

Yehonathan Malis, Shir Armoza-Eilat, Inbar Nevo-Yassaf, Anna Dukhovny, Ella H. Sklan, Koret Hirschberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lipid droplets (LDs) comprise a triglyceride core surrounded by a lipid monolayer enriched with proteins, many of which function in LD homeostasis. How proteins are targeted to the growing LD is still unclear. Rab1b, a GTPase regulating secretory transport, was recently associated with targeting proteins to LDs in a Drosophila RNAi screen. LD formation was prevented in human hepatoma cells overexpressing dominant-negative Rab1b. We thus hypothesized that Rab1b recruits lipid-synthesizing enzymes, facilitating LD growth. Here, FRET between diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 (DGAT2) and Rab1b and activity mutants of the latter demonstrated that Rab1b promotes DGAT2 ER to the LD surface redistribution. Last, alterations in LD metabolism and DGAT2 redistribution, consistent with Rab1b activity, were caused by mutations in the Rab1b–GTPase activating protein TBC1D20 in Warburg Micro syndrome (WARBM) model mice fibroblasts. These data contribute to our understanding of the mechanism of Rab1b in LD homeostasis and WARBM, a devastating autosomal-recessive disorder caused by mutations in TBC1D20.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereade7753
JournalScience Advances
Issue number22
StatePublished - May 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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