Qumran Hebrew Qal Prefix Conjugation Forms with Mater w after the First Radical

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Abstract

Forms like ידורשהו , viz. qal stemprefix conjugation formswith an object suffix inwhich a mater lectionis indicates the presence of a rounded vowel after the first radical, constitute the only unique Qumran Hebrew morphological trait that has no parallels in other traditions of the language. In this paper, I suggest a new explanation for the development of these forms (and of orthographically similar qal stem imperatives and infinitives). While previous research tried to explain the forms as resulting from analogy, I propose that they are (by and large) the result of regular sound change: vowel deletion of the unstressed stem vowel followed by the emergence of an epenthetic copy vowel that originated in the masculine plural forms..

Original languageAmerican English
JournalDead Sea Discoveries
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • anaptyxis
  • morphology
  • phonology
  • prefix conjugation
  • vowel deletion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History
  • Religious studies

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