Qumran Hebrew Qal Prefix Conjugation Forms with Mater w after the First Radical

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Forms like ידורשהו , viz. qal stemprefix conjugation formswith an object suffix inwhich a mater lectionis indicates the presence of a rounded vowel after the first radical, constitute the only unique Qumran Hebrew morphological trait that has no parallels in other traditions of the language. In this paper, I suggest a new explanation for the development of these forms (and of orthographically similar qal stem imperatives and infinitives). While previous research tried to explain the forms as resulting from analogy, I propose that they are (by and large) the result of regular sound change: vowel deletion of the unstressed stem vowel followed by the emergence of an epenthetic copy vowel that originated in the masculine plural forms..

Original languageAmerican English
JournalDead Sea Discoveries
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2024


  • anaptyxis
  • morphology
  • phonology
  • prefix conjugation
  • vowel deletion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History
  • Religious studies

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