This paper addresses questions of quasi-isometric rigidity and classification for fundamental groups of finite graphs of groups, under the assumption that the Bass-Serre tree of the graph of groups has finite depth. The main example of a finite depth graph of groups is one whose vertex and edge groups are coarse Poincaré duality groups. The main theorem says that, under certain hypotheses, if Q is a finite graph of coarse Poincaré duality groups, then any finitely generated group quasi-isometric to the fundamental group of Q is also the fundamental group of a finite graph of coarse Poincaré duality groups, and any quasi-isometry between two such groups must coarsely preserve the vertex and edge spaces of their Bass-Serre trees of spaces. Besides some simple normalization hypotheses, the main hypothesis is the "crossing graph condition", which is imposed on each vertex group Q v which is an n-dimensional coarse Poincare duality group for which every incident edge group has positive codimension: the crossing graph of Q v is a graph ∈ v that describes the pattern in which the codimension 1 edge groups incident to Q v are crossed by other edge groups incident to Q v, and the crossing graph condition requires that ∈ v be connected or empty.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Mathematics