Psychometric properties of the Hebrew version of the Oswestry Disability Index

Dorit Gamus, Saralee Glasser, Elisheva Langner, Aliza Beth-Hakimian, Israel Caspi, Narin Carmel, Itzhak Siev-Ner, Hagai Amir, Moshe Papa, Amitai Ziv, Liat Lerner-Geva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common health complaints, with lifetime prevalence rates as high as 84%. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is often the measure of choice for LBP in both research and clinical settings and, as such, has been translated into 29 languages and dialects. Currently, however, there is no validated version of Hebrew-translated ODI (ODI-H). OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of the ODI-H. METHODS: Cross-culturally appropriate translation into Hebrew was conducted. A convenience sample of 115 participants (Case Group) with LBP and 68 without LBP (Control Group) completed the ODI-H, SF-36 Health Survey, and two Visual Analog Scales (VAS). RESULTS: Internal consistency was α = 0.94 and test-retest reliability for 18 participants repeating the ODI-H was 0.97. No floor or ceiling effects were noted for Cases, although there was a floor effect for the Control Group. Scores were significantly different for the two groups, indicating discriminant validity. Concurrent validity was reflected by significant correlations with SF-36 scores, particularly the Physical Functioning and Bodily Pain subscales (-0.83 and -0.79, respectively) and with the VAS (0.84 and 0.79). CONCLUSIONS: The ODI-H is a valid and reliable measure of low back pain-related disability for the Hebrew-speaking public.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2017


  • Hebrew
  • ODI
  • Oswestry Disability Index
  • SF-36 Health Survey
  • Visual Analog Scale
  • assessment
  • low back pain
  • psychometric
  • reliability
  • translation
  • validation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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