Study Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort study Background: Adolescent athletes may be more susceptible to the long-term effects of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). A diagnostic and prognostic neuromarker may optimize management and return-to-activity decision-making in athletes who experience mTBI. Objective: Measure an event-related potential (ERP) component captured with electroencephalography (EEG), called processing negativity (PN), at baseline and post-injury in adolescents who suffered mTBI and determine their longitudinal response relative to healthy controls. Methods: Thirty adolescents had EEG recorded during an auditory oddball task at a pre-mTBI baseline session and subsequent post-mTBI sessions. Longitudinal EEG data from patients and healthy controls (n= 77) were obtained from up to four sessions in total and processed using Brain Network Analysis algorithms. Results: The average PN amplitude in healthy controls significantly decreased over sessions 2 and 3; however, it remained steady in the mTBI group’s 2nd (post-mTBI) session and decreased only in sessions 3 and 4. Pre- to post-mTBI amplitude changes correlated with the time interval between sessions. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that PN amplitude changes may be associated with mTBI exposure and subsequent recovery in adolescent athletes. Further study of PN may lead to it becoming a neuromarker for mTBI prognosis and return-to-activity decision-making in adolescents.
- Event-related potential
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Neurology