Production of Irbesartan Nanocrystals by High Shear Homogenisation and Ultra-Probe Sonication for Improved Dissolution Rate

Karthik Sridhar, Habibur Rahman, Alejandro Sosnik, Uditta Mukherjee, Tamilselvan Natarajan, Karthik Siram, Balakumar Krishnamoorthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Irbesartan (IRB) is a BCS class II drug with poorly aqueous solubility and its absorption is dissolution rate limited. In the present study solubility and dissolution rate of IRB were improved by nanonization and using two poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(propylene oxide)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) amphiphiles, namely Pluronic® F127 and Pluronic® F68, as nanosuspension stabilisers. In addition, the role of these surfactants in the solubilization of the drug was assessed. The nanocrystals were produced by two top-down techniques- high shear homogenisation and ultra-probe sonication. The nanocrystals were characterized for particle size, size distribution and zeta potential and compared to the unprocessed drug by FTIR, thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy, solubility and dissolution rate. IRB nanocrystals showed greater solubility and faster dissolution rate than the original drug, solubility being higher for formulations prepared with F127 than those with F68. Presence of an endothermic peak of drug in the formulation confirmed its crystalline nature, regardless of the use of two energetic methods. SEM of the nanocrystals revealed a small rod-shaped morphology and the substantial decrease of the particles size. Overall results support these nanonization techniques as a simple, cost-effective and scalable approach to improve the aqueous solubility of drugs such as IRB that are classified into Class II of the Biopharmaceutic Classification System (BCS).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)688-697
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Drug Delivery
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016


  • Drug dissolution rate
  • Irbesartan nanocrystals
  • Pluronic (R) F127 and Pluronic (R) F68
  • drug solubility
  • top-down nanonization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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