## Abstract

Finding an optimal solution to a search problem is often desirable, but can be too difficult in many cases. A common approach in such cases is to try to find a solution whose suboptimality is bounded, where a parameter ϵ defines how far from optimal a solution can be while still being acceptable. A scarcely studied alternative is to try to find a solution that is probably optimal, where a parameter δ defines the confidence required in the solution's optimality. This paper explores this option and introduces the concept of a probably bounded-suboptimal search (pBS search) algorithm. Such a search algorithm accepts two parameters, ϵ and δ, and outputs a solution that with probability at least 1−δ costs at most 1+ϵ times the optimal solution. A general algorithmic framework for pBS search algorithms is proposed. Several instances of this framework are described and analyzed theoretically and experimentally on a range of search domains. Results show that pBS search algorithms are often faster than a state-of-the-art bounded-suboptimal search algorithm. This shows in practice that finding solutions that satisfy a given suboptimality bound with high probability can be done faster than finding solutions that satisfy the same suboptimality bound with certainty.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 39-57 |

Number of pages | 19 |

Journal | Artificial Intelligence |

Volume | 267 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Feb 2019 |

## Keywords

- Artificial intelligence
- Heuristic search

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Language and Linguistics
- Linguistics and Language
- Artificial Intelligence