Prebiotic Treatment in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)-A Randomized Pilot Trial

Naama Reshef, Uri Gophna, Leah Reshef, Fred Konikoff, Gila Gabay, Taiba Zornitzki, Hilla Knobler, Yaakov Maor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several studies show that gut microbiotas in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) differ from those in a healthy population, suggesting that this alteration plays a role in NAFLD pathogenesis. We investigated whether prebiotic administration affects liver fat content and/or liver-related and metabolic parameters. Patients with NAFLD and metabolic syndrome (age: 50 ± 11; 79% men) were randomized to receive either 16 g/day of prebiotic (ITFs-inulin-type fructans) (n = 8) or placebo (maltodextrin) (n = 11) for 12 weeks. Patients were instructed to maintain a stable weight throughout the study. Liver fat content (measured by H1MRS), fecal microbiota, and metabolic, inflammatory, and liver parameters were determined before and after intervention. Fecal samples from patients who received the prebiotic had an increased content of Bifidobacterium (p = 0.025), which was not observed with the placebo. However, the baseline and end-of-study liver fat contents did not change significantly in the prebiotic and placebo groups, neither did the liver function tests' metabolic and inflammatory mediators, including fibroblast growth factor-19 and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein. Body weight remained stable in both groups. These findings suggest that prebiotic treatment without weight reduction is insufficient to improve NAFLD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrients
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 May 2024

Keywords

  • NAFLD
  • fibroblast growth factor
  • lipopolysaccharide
  • microbiota
  • prebiotic

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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