An input to the POPULAR MATCHING problem, in the roommates setting (as opposed to the marriage setting), consists of a graph G (not necessarily bipartite) where each vertex ranks its neighbors in strict order, known as its preference. In the POPULAR MATCHING problem the objective is to test whether there exists a matching M∗such that there is no matching M where more vertices prefer their matched status in M (in terms of their preferences) over their matched status in M∗. In this article, we settle the computational complexity of the POPULAR MATCHING problem in the roommates setting by showing that the problem is NP-complete. Thus, we resolve an open question that has been repeatedly and explicitly asked over the last decade.
- Popular matching
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computational Theory and Mathematics