Phonetic spellings of the subordinating particle d(y) in the Jewish Babylonian aramaic magic bowls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Te Jewish Babylonian Aramaic magic bowls date to the late Sasanian and very early Islamic periods. Tey are for the most part written in an archaic literary dialect (or dialects) that appears to have significantly differed from the spoken language of Babylonian Jews at that time. Occasional non-standard phonetic spellings, however, cast light on the spoken language of the practitioners who wrote the bowls. Tis article deals with phonetic spellings of the subordinating (or relative) particle as either. It is difficult to discern a uniform phonetic condition for all occurrences of but the examples suffice to prove that it is a genuine form. In the presently available documentation the form occurs solely before words beginning with aleph (historical or ). Te latter form also occurs in Classical Mandaic as t. Tese spellings suggest that the realizations of the subordinating particle as t and t later attested in many Neo-Aramaic dialects go back at least as far as late Sasanian times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-247
Number of pages33
JournalAramaic Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2012


  • Jewish Babylonian Aramaic
  • Mandaic
  • Neo-Aramaic
  • incantation bowl
  • magic bowl
  • phonetic spellings
  • relative pronoun
  • subordinating particle

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Religious studies
  • Linguistics and Language


Dive into the research topics of 'Phonetic spellings of the subordinating particle d(y) in the Jewish Babylonian aramaic magic bowls'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this