We study the low-rank phase retrieval problem, where our goal is to recover a $d_1\times d_2$ low-rank matrix from a series of phaseless linear measurements. This is a fourth-order inverse problem, as we are trying to recover factors of a matrix that have been observed, indirectly, through some quadratic measurements. We propose a solution to this problem using the recently introduced technique of anchored regression. This approach uses two different types of convex relaxations: we replace the quadratic equality constraints for the phaseless measurements by a search over a polytope and enforce the rank constraint through nuclear norm regularization. The result is a convex program in the space of $d_1 \times d_2$ matrices. We analyze two specific scenarios. In the first, the target matrix is rank-$1$, and the observations are structured to correspond to a phaseless blind deconvolution. In the second, the target matrix has general rank, and we observe the magnitudes of the inner products against a series of independent Gaussian random matrices. In each of these problems, we show that anchored regression returns an accurate estimate from a near-optimal number of measurements given that we have access to an anchor matrix of sufficient quality. We also show how to create such an anchor in the phaseless blind deconvolution problem from an optimal number of measurements and present a partial result in this direction for the general rank problem.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Numerical Analysis
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics