The discovery of piezoelectricity in self-assembled peptide nanostructures opens an avenue to a new regime of piezoelectric materials and enables the fundamental investigation of electromechanical coupling in biomaterials. However, strategies for fabricating peptides with desired properties are still lacking. We find that a peptide-based coassembly process effectively controls the properties of peptide nanomaterials and demonstrates their application potential in nanogenerators. The composing peptides and their concentration influence the morphology, molecular property, and physical property of coassembled crystals. Compared with self-assembled diphenylalanine peptides, the coassembled peptides of diphenylalanine and phenylalanine-tryptophan show a 38% increase in piezoelectric coefficient, and the resulting harvesting device shows nearly a 3-fold increase in open-circuit voltage outputs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)