Palmoplantar keratoderma caused by a missense variant in CTSB encoding cathepsin B

J. Mohamad, L. Samuelov, L. Malki, M. Pavlovsky, K. Malovitski, S. Taiber, N. Adir, T. Rabinowitz, N. Shomron, J. D. Milner, G. Lestringant, O. Sarig, E. Sprecher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) refers to a large group of disorders characterized by extensive genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity. PPK diagnosis therefore increasingly relies upon genetic analysis. Aim: To delineate the genetic defect underlying a case of diffuse erythematous PPK associated with peeling of the skin. Methods: Whole exome and direct sequencing, real-time quantitative PCR, protein modelling and a cathepsin B enzymatic assay were used. Results: The patient studied had severe diffuse erythematous PPK transgrediens. Pedigree analysis suggested an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Whole exome sequencing revealed a heterozygous missense mutation in the CTSB gene, encoding the cysteine protease cathepsin B. Genomic duplications in a noncoding region, which regulates the expression of CTSB, were recently found to cause erythrokeratolysis hiemalis, a rare autosomal dominant disorder of cornification. This mutation affects a highly conserved residue, and is predicted to be pathogenic. Protein modelling indicated that the mutation is likely to lead to increased endopeptidase cathepsin B activity. Accordingly, the CTSB variant was found to result in increased cathepsin B proteolytic activity. Conclusion: In summary, we report the identification of the first gain-of-function missense mutation in CTSB, which was found to be associated in one individual with a dominant form of diffuse PPK.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Dermatology
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

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