Optimizing color consistency in photo collections

Yoav HaCohen, Eli Shechtman, Dan B. Goldman, Dani Lischinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With dozens or even hundreds of photos in today's digital photo albums, editing an entire album can be a daunting task. Existing automatic tools operate on individual photos without ensuring consistency of appearance between photographs that share content. In this paper, we present a new method for consistent editing of photo collections. Our method automatically enforces consistent appearance of images that share content without any user input. When the user does make changes to selected images, these changes automatically propagate to other images in the collection, while still maintaining as much consistency as possible. This makes it possible to interactively adjust an entire photo album in a consistent manner by manipulating only a few images. Our method operates by efficiently constructing a graph with edges linking photo pairs that share content. Consistent appearance of connected photos is achieved by globally optimizing a quadratic cost function over the entire graph, treating user-specified edits as constraints in the optimization. The optimization is fast enough to provide interactive visual feedback to the user. We demonstrate the usefulness of our approach using a number of personal and professional photo collections, as well as internet collections.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number38
JournalACM Transactions on Graphics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2013


  • Collection editing
  • Color consistency
  • Match graph

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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