## Abstract

The symmetric six-vertex model with parameters a; b; c > 0 is expected to exhibit different behavior in the regimes a + b < c (antiferroelectric), ja - b| < c + a + b (disordered) and |a - b| > c (ferroelectric). In this work, we study the way in which the transition between the regimes a + b = c and a + b < c manifests. When a + b < c, we show that the associated height function is localized and its extremal periodic Gibbs states can be parametrized by the integers in such a way that, in the n-th state, the heights n and n+1 percolate while the connected components of their complement have diameters with exponentially decaying tails. When a + b = c, the height function is delocalized. The proofs rely on the Baxter–Kelland–Wu coupling between the six-vertex and the random-cluster models and on recent results for the latter. An interpolation between free and wired boundary conditions is introduced by modifying cluster weights. Using triangular lattice contours (T-circuits), we describe another coupling for height functions that in particular leads to a novel proof of the delocalization at a = b = c. Finally, we highlight a spin representation of the six-vertex model and obtain a coupling of it to the Ashkin–Teller model on Z2 at its self-dual line sinh 2J = e^{-2U}. When J < U, we show that each of the two Ising configurations exhibits exponential decay of correlations while their product is ferromagnetically ordered.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 92 |

Journal | Electronic Journal of Probability |

Volume | 28 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2023 |

## Keywords

- Ashkin–Teller model
- FKG inequality
- Gibbs measures
- Height function
- Percolation
- Phase transition
- Six-vertex model

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty