## Abstract

A matrix is called strictly sign-regular of order k (denoted by SSR _{k} ) if all its k×k minors are non-zero and have the same sign. For example, totally positive matrices, i.e., matrices with all minors positive, are SSR _{k} for all k. Another important subclass are those that are SSR _{k} for all odd k. Such matrices have interesting sign variation diminishing properties, and it has been recently shown that they play an important role in the analysis of certain nonlinear cooperative dynamical systems. In this paper, the spectral properties of nonsingular matrices that are SSR _{k} for a specific value k are studied. One of the results is that the product of the first k eigenvalues is real and of the same sign as the k×k minors, and that linear combinations of certain eigenvectors have specific sign patterns. It is then shown how known spectral properties for matrices that are SSR _{k} for several values of k can be derived from these results. Using these theoretical results, the notion of a totally positive discrete-time system (TPDTS) is introduced. This may be regarded as the discrete-time analogue of the important notion of a totally positive differential system. It is shown that TPDTSs can be applied to prove that certain time-varying nonlinear dynamical systems entrain to periodic excitations.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 524-543 |

Number of pages | 20 |

Journal | Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications |

Volume | 474 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Jun 2019 |

## Keywords

- Cooperative dynamical system
- Entrainment
- Stability analysis
- Totally positive differential system
- Totally positive matrix

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Analysis
- Applied Mathematics