On the Optimal Refresh Power Allocation for Energy-Efficient Memories

Yongjune Kim, Won Ho Choi, Cyril Guyot, Yuval Cassuto

Research output: Working paperPreprint


Refresh is an important operation to prevent loss of data in dynamic random-access memory (DRAM). However, frequent refresh operations incur considerable power consumption and degrade system performance. Refresh power cost is especially significant in high-capacity memory devices and battery-powered edge/mobile applications. In this paper, we propose a principled approach to optimizing the refresh power allocation. Given a model for the bit error rate dependence on power, we formulate a convex optimization problem to minimize the word mean squared error for a refresh power constraint; hence we can guarantee the optimality of the obtained refresh power allocations. In addition, we provide an integer programming problem to optimize the discrete refresh interval assignments. For an 8-bit accessed word, numerical results show that the optimized nonuniform refresh intervals reduce the refresh power by 29% at a peak signal-to-noise ratio of 50dB compared to the uniform assignment.
Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2019


  • cs.AR
  • cs.IT
  • eess.SP
  • math.IT


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