On-site animosity and national identity: Business travelers on stage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study introduces the term “on-site animosity” with respect to expressions of hostility against travelers' nation during their stay at the visited destination. Behavioral responses to on-site animosity are examined by focusing on performances of national identity among Israeli business travelers while interacting with locals and host colleagues. Based on the analysis of in-depth interviews and in line with a Goffmanian perspective, the study presents four performative strategies that span across two dimensions of situational behavior: the inclination of the travelers to conceal or display national identity and their motivations to do it. The study advances a fresh perspective and provides an empirically based conceptualization regarding the influence of animosity on travel behavior.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number103181
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
StatePublished - 1 May 2021


  • Business travelers
  • National identity
  • On-site animosity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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