Ogd heartbeat: Cities’ commitment to open data

Karine Nahon, Alon Peled, Jennifer Shkabatur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper develops and tests a theoretical model, which proposes to examine cities’ commitment to the concept of open government data (OGD) according to three typical levels. Level 1, Way of Life, indicates high commitment to OGD; Level 2, On the Fence, represents either a low or erratic commitment; Level 3, Lip Service, refers to either scarce or no commitment. This study shows that these types exhibit distinct behavior in four key indicators: (1) Rhythm, (2) Coverage, (3) Categorization, and (4) Feedback. This theoretical framework is examined using longitudinal mixed-method analysis of the OGD behavior of 16 US cities over a period of four years, using a corpus of municipal quantitative metadata and primary qualitative data. This methodology allows us to represent, for the first time, cities’ evolving OGD commitment, or “OGD heartbeat”.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)116-136
Number of pages21
JournaleJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015


  • Access
  • Cities
  • Open cities
  • Open data benchmarking
  • Open government data
  • Transparency

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Computer Science Applications


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