OER Usage by Instructional Designers and Training Managers in Corporations

Eli Merkel, Anat Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Since the development of Open Educational Resources (OERs), different models regarding the usage of these resources in education have appeared in the literature. Wiley's 4-Rs model is considered to be one of the leading models. Research based on Wiley's model shows that using materials without making changes is the most common use. Compared to the extensive literature regarding OER usage in education, the literature barely deals with OER usage by instructional designers or training managers in corporations. The purpose of this research is to examine the OER usage of these two stakeholders, distinguishing between Little and Big OER repositories, in which Little OER repositories such as YouTube and Wikipedia aren't necessarily designed to fulfill educational purposes. Findings show that these stakeholders almost use only Little repositories and that their usage level is higher than what is documented in the literature: they mostly Revise--modify the form of the resource, and Remix--combine different resources to create new ones. These differences can be explained by the fact that materials from Little OER repositories are raw materials, requiring further editing and adjustment. Significant differences between instructional designers' and training managers' usage of OERs were found regarding the Reuse level of resources from internal repositories and the Google Images repository, and the frequency of this Reuse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-256
Number of pages20
JournalInterdisciplinary Journal of E-Skills and Lifelong Learning
StatePublished - 2015


  • Administrators
  • Computer Uses in Education
  • Corporate Education
  • Differences
  • ERIC, Current Index to Journals in Education (CIJE)
  • Foreign Countries
  • Instructional Design
  • Israel
  • Likert Scales
  • Questionnaires
  • Resource Units
  • Stakeholders
  • Statistical Analysis


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