In this study, we present an approach to obstacle detection in a greenhouse environment using the Kinect 3D sensor, which provides synchronized color and depth information. First, the depth data are processed by applying slope computation. This creates an obstacle map which labels the pixels that exceed a predefined slope as suspected obstacles, and others as surface. Then, the system uses both color and texture features to classify the suspected obstacle pixels. The obstacle detection decision is made using information on the pixel slope, its intensity and surrounding neighbor pixels. The obstacle detection of the proposed sensor and algorithm is demonstrated on data recorded by the Kinect in a greenhouse. We show that the system produces satisfactory results (all obstacles were detected with only few false positive detections) and is fast enough to run on a limited computer.
- Kinect sensor
- Obstacle detection
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Computer Science Applications