The possible functions of conscious awareness have been a matter of controversy among scientists and philosophers for centuries. While some view consciousness as an epiphenomenon with no causal role in human behavior, others stipulate that high-level cognitive functions cannot be performed without consciousness. More specifically, they view consciousness as an integrating mechanism that conjoins different types of information into a unified percept or idea. In this chapter we review the different theories in the field, and present empirical evidence for integration between object and background in the absence of conscious perception. Our data suggest that conscious awareness is not necessary for integration but is called upon when facing a conceptually novel situation or scene.
|Title of host publication||Consciousness|
|Subtitle of host publication||Its Nature and Functions|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Nov 2012|
- Continuous flash suppression
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes