Introduction – The obesity pandemic is multifactorial. Nutritional, pharmacologic and surgical interventions are limited in reach and efficacy, raising need for new therapeutics. Aims – Characterization of anorexigenic and cognitive effect and central mechanism of action of novel N-acylethanolamide derivatives. Methods – Sabra mice divided to similar experimental groups, injected IP with: oleyl-L-leucinolamide (1 A), linoleyl-L-leucinolamide (4 A), linoleyl-L-valinolamide (5 A), oleyl-oxycarbonyl-L-valinolamide (1 B), oleyl-oxycarbonyl-D-valinolamide (2 B), oleylamine-carbonyl-L-valinolamide (3 B), oleylamine-carbonyl-D-valinolamide (4 B), and oleyl-L-hydroxyvalineamide (5 B). Control group with vehicle. Body weight and food consumption followed for 39 days. Motor activity and cognitive function by open field test and eight-arm maze. Mice sacrificed and mechanism of action investigated by qPCR. The genes analyzed involved in energy balance and regulation of appetite. Catecholamines and serotonin evaluated. Results – Compounds 1 A, 5 A, 1 B–4 B, caused significant weight loss of 4.2–5.6 % and 5 A, 1 B–4 B, improved cognitive function following 8 i. p. injections of 1 mg/kg during 39 days, by different mechanisms. 5 A, 3 B and 4 B decreased food consumption, whereas 1 A, 5 A and 2 B increased motor activity. 1 A, 4 A, 1 B and 3 B elevated SIRT-1, associated with survival. POMC upregulated by 1 B and 2 B, CART by 1 B, 2 B and 1 A. NPY and CAMKK2 downregulated by 5 A. 4 B enhanced 5-HT levels. 4 A, 5 A, 1 B, 4 B, 5 B decreased FAAH, showing long lasting effect. Conclusions – These new compounds might be developed for the treatment of obesity and for improved cognitive function.
- body weight
- cognitive function
- molecular mechanism of action
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology