Non-identical twins - microglia and monocyte-derived macrophages in acute injury and autoimmune inflammation

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

Abstract

The brain has been commonly regarded as a "tissue behind walls." Appearance of immune cells in the brain has been taken as a sign of pathology. Moreover, since infiltrating monocyte-derived macrophages and activated resident microglia were indistinguishable by conventional means, both populations were considered together as inflammatory cells that should be mitigated.Yet, because the microglia permanently reside in the brain, attributing to them negative properties evoked an ongoing debate; why cells that are supposed to be the brain guardians acquire only destructive potential? Studies over the last two decades in the immune arena in general, and in the context of central nervous system pathology in particular, have resulted in a paradigm shift toward a more balanced appreciation of the contributions of immune cells in the context of brain maintenance and repair, and toward the recognition of distinct roles of resident microglia and infiltrating monocyte-derived macrophages.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberArticle 89
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume3
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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