Multifunctional polyimide-based femtosecond laser micro/nanostructured films with triple Janus properties

Jiaqing Pei, Kai Yin, Tingni Wu, Lingxiao Wang, Qinwen Deng, Yin Huang, Kai Wang, Christopher J. Arnusch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Flexible multifunctional composite films in which opposing surfaces have two or more distinct physical properties are highly applicable for wearable electronic devices, electrical power systems and biomedical engineering. However, fabrication of such “Janus” films can be time consuming, complex or economically not feasible. In this work, Janus polyimide (PI) films were prepared by femtosecond laser direct writing technology, which generated a honeycomb porous structure (HPS) on one side and a lawn-like structure (LLS) on the other. Deposition of silver nanowires (AGNWs) by drop coating on the LLS side (AGNWs@LLS) resulted in a film in which each face possessed highly distinct triple properties. The HPS side was superhydrophobic with a water contact angle (WCA) of ∼153.3° and electrically non-conductive, while the AGNWs@LLS side was superhydrophilic (WCA ∼7.8°) and highly conductive (∼3.8 Ω). Moreover, the AGNWs@LLS face showed ultra-low thermal radiation performance, almost reaching saturation. On a heating table at ∼100 °C, the temperature of the AGNWs@LLS side remained at ∼44.5 °C, while the HPS side exhibited a temperature of ∼93.9 °C. This “triple Janus film” and lasing techniques developed might be useful for designing new materials for the integration and miniaturization of multifunctional electronic equipment.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)15708-15716
Number of pages9
Issue number38
StatePublished - 4 Sep 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science


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