Here we show a general method to improve the crystallinity of carbon nitride nanosheets by using melamine crystals as reactants for the high temperature synthesis. Additionally, the crystals were calcined in a sealed ampoule, which provides a pressurized environment, yielding crystalline carbon nitride nanosheets that display altered morphology and photophysical properties compared to the reference materials. Electronic microscopy, optical and photoelectrochemical measurements prove the modifications of parameters such like band structure, charge recombination or inter-layer distance. The new growth strategy presented here opens many opportunities for the design of crystalline materials with tailored properties for different applications.
- Carbon nitride
- enhanced crystallinity
- melamine crystal
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