Moderators of framing effects in variations of the Asian disease problem: Time constraint, need, and disease type

Adele Diederich, Marc Wyszynski, Ilana Ritov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined framing effects in decisions concerning public health. Tversky and Kahneman’s famous Asian Disease Problem served as experimental paradigm. Subjects chose between a sure and a risky option either presented as gains (saving lives) or as losses (dying). The amount of risk varied in terms of different probabilities. The number of affected people was either small (low need) or large (high need). Additionally, the decisions were linked to three different types of diseases (unusual infection, AIDS, leukemia). We also implemented two different time constraints during which the subjects had to give a response. Finally, we tested a within-subject design. The data analysis assuming a linear mixed effects model revealed significant effects of framing, probabilities, and need. Furthermore, the type of disease and time constraints were moderating the framing effect. Across the different diseases, framing effects were amplified when decision time was short.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)529-546
Number of pages18
JournalJudgment and Decision Making
Volume13
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Ambiguity aversion
  • Framing
  • Framing effect
  • Loss aversion
  • Need
  • Risky choice
  • Time pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Decision Sciences
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Applied Psychology

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