Mobile Trions in Electrically Tunable 2D Hybrid Perovskites

Jonas D. Ziegler, Yeongsu Cho, Sophia Terres, Matan Menahem, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Omer Yaffe, Timothy C. Berkelbach, Alexey Chernikov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


2D hybrid perovskites are currently in the spotlight of material research for light-harvesting and -emitting applications. It remains extremely challenging, however, to externally control their optical response due to the difficulties of introducing electrical doping. Here, an approach of interfacing ultrathin sheets of perovskites with few-layer graphene and hexagonal boron nitride into gate-tunable, hybrid heterostructures, is demonstrated. It allows for bipolar, continuous tuning of light emission and absorption in 2D perovskites by electrically injecting carriers to densities as high as 1012 cm−2. This reveals the emergence of both negatively and positively charged excitons, or trions, with binding energies up to 46 meV, among the highest measured for 2D systems. Trions are shown to dominate light emission and propagate with mobilities reaching 200 cm2 V−1 s−1 at elevated temperatures. The findings introduce the physics of interacting mixtures of optical and electrical excitations to the broad family of 2D inorganic–organic nanostructures. The presented strategy to electrically control the optical response of 2D perovskites highlights it as a promising material platform toward electrically modulated light-emitters, externally guided charged exciton currents, and exciton transistors based on layered, hybrid semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2210221
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number18
Early online date22 Feb 2023
StatePublished - 4 May 2023


  • 2D perovskites
  • diffusion
  • excitons
  • hybrid heterostructures
  • trions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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