Mitochatting - If only we could be a fly on the cell wall

Michal Eisenberg-Bord, Maya Schuldiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mitochondria, cellular metabolic hubs, perform many essential processes and are required for the production of metabolites such as ATP, iron-sulfur clusters, heme, amino acids and nucleotides. To fulfill their multiple roles, mitochondria must communicate with all other organelles to exchange small molecules, ions and lipids. Since mitochondria are largely excluded from vesicular trafficking routes, they heavily rely on membrane contact sites. Contact sites are areas of close proximity between organelles that allow efficient transfer of molecules, saving the need for slow and untargeted diffusion through the cytosol. More globally, multiple metabolic pathways require coordination between mitochondria and additional organelles and mitochondrial activity affects all other cellular entities and vice versa. Therefore, uncovering the different means of mitochondrial communication will allow us a better understanding of mitochondria and may illuminate disease processes that occur in the absence of proper cross-talk. In this review we focus on how mitochondria interact with all other organelles and emphasize how this communication is essential for mitochondrial and cellular homeostasis. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Membrane Contact Sites edited by Christian Ungermann and Benoit Kornmann.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1469-1480
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1864
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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