Middle childhood development in personal values

Ella Daniel, Kinneret Misgav, Anat Chomsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: We aimed to investigate value change and stability longitudinally in middle childhood. Background: Values are the aspect of personality defining one's aspirations. Research identifies meaningful values in middle childhood, yet we know little about the process of their development within individual. Method: Children (N = 298; 53.7% girls, Mage = 7 years and 3 months, SD = 7.70 months, at the first time point) four times, annually. Results: Rank-order stability increased with age and decreased with time-span. We found value hierarchy consistency, with value hierarchy similar to adolescents in the priority given to openness to change versus conservation values, and to adults in the priority given to self-transcendence values. Latent growth curve analyses indicated linear increase in openness to change, and curvilinear increase in self-transcendence values, and linear decrease in conservation and self-enhancement values, with some differences across ages. Value structure was better differentiated with age. Compatible values changed in similar, and conflicting values in opposite directions. Conclusions: This paper suggests that in middle childhood, children can already report stable values. Moreover, middle childhood is characterized by coherent change patterns, of increase in the importance of growth, and decrease in the focus on conflicting protection values.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Personality
Early online date27 Sep 2023
StatePublished Online - 27 Sep 2023


  • growth values
  • longitudinal study
  • middle childhood
  • value change
  • values

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Middle childhood development in personal values'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this