Mapping the metabolic reprogramming induced by sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibition

Aviram Kogot-Levin, Yael Riahi, Ifat Abramovich, Ofri Mosenzon, Bella Agranovich, Liat Kadosh, Rachel Ben-Haroush Schyr, Doron Kleiman, Liad Hinden, Erol Cerasi, Danny Ben-Zvi, Ernesto Bernal-Mizrachi, Joseph Tam, Eyal Gottlieb, Gil Leibowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Diabetes is associated with increased risk for kidney disease, heart failure, and mortality. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) prevent these adverse outcomes; however, the mechanisms involved are not clear. We generated a roadmap of the metabolic alterations that occur in different organs in diabetes and in response to SGLT2i. In vivo metabolic labeling with 13C-glucose in normoglycemic and diabetic mice treated with or without dapagliflozin, followed by metabolomics and metabolic flux analyses, showed that, in diabetes, glycolysis and glucose oxidation are impaired in the kidney, liver, and heart. Treatment with dapagliflozin failed to rescue glycolysis. SGLT2 inhibition increased glucose oxidation in all organs; in the kidney, this was associated with modulation of the redox state. Diabetes was associated with altered methionine cycle metabolism, evident by decreased betaine and methionine levels, whereas treatment with SGLT2i increased hepatic betaine along with decreased homocysteine levels. mTORC1 activity was inhibited by SGLT2i along with stimulation of AMPK in both normoglycemic and diabetic animals, possibly explaining the protective effects against kidney, liver, and heart diseases. Collectively, our findings suggest that SGLT2i induces metabolic reprogramming orchestrated by AMPK-mTORC1 signaling with common and distinct effects in various tissues, with implications for diabetes and aging.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere164296
JournalJCI insight
Issue number7
StatePublished - 10 Apr 2023


  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Betaine
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy
  • Glucose
  • Glucose metabolism
  • Metabolism
  • Methionine
  • Mice
  • Signal transduction
  • Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/pharmacology
  • Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2/metabolism
  • Sodium/metabolism
  • Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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