Loosely bound few-body states in a spin-1 gas with near-degenerate continua

Yaakov Yudkin, Paul S. Julienne, Lev Khaykovich

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A distinguishing feature of ultracold collisions of bosonic lithium atoms is the presence of two near-degenerate two-body continua. The influence of such a near degeneracy on the few-body physics in the vicinity of a narrow Feshbach resonance is investigated within the framework of a minimal model with two atomic continua and one closed molecular channel. The model allows analysis of the spin composition of loosely bound dimers and trimers. In the two-body sector the well-established coupled-channel calculation phenomenology of lithium is qualitatively reproduced, and its particularities are emphasized and clarified. In the three-body sector we find that the Efimov trimer energy levels follow a different functional form as compared to a single continuum scenario while the thresholds remain untouched. This three-channel model with two atomic continua complements our earlier developed three-channel model with two molecular channels [Yudkin and Khaykovich, Phys. Rev. A 103, 063303 (2021)2469-992610.1103/PhysRevA.103.063303] and suggests that the experimentally observed exotic behavior of the first excited Efimov energy level (Yudkin, Elbaz, and Khaykovich, arXiv:2004.02723) is most probably caused by the short-range details of the interaction potential.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053303
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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