Long-range electron transfer mediated by G-quadruplex wires attached to gold electrodes via phosphorothioated dA tags

László Kékedy-Nagy, Alexander B. Kotlyar, Elena E. Ferapontova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


G-quadruplex (G4) DNA wires are perspective highly-conductive building blocks for self-assembling bioelectronic nanocircuits. Here, we interrogated electrochemically G4-mediated electron transfer (ET) reaction between the gold electrodes and redox indicator methylene blue (MB) intercalated into ten-tetrade G4 DNA tethered to the gold electrode via four phosphorothioated adenosine tags. The efficiency of DNA-mediated ET evaluated by kinetic analysis of MB redox transformations was characterized by the ks of 155 s−1. This value was well below 108 s−1 per ten tetrades determined by the current-voltage measurements in the absence of any redox active species, primarily. Due to the complex 2e/1H+ electrochemistry of MB that apparently gated the overall ET reaction. However, it was superior to 74 s−1 found for MB intercalated into (dGdC)20 duplexes and close to 184 s−1 estimated for MB groove-bound to (dAdT)25. The ET-mediating efficiency of highly hydrated G4 wires was thus superior to the electronically-corrupted and water-poor dGdC duplexes and approaching that of dAdT-rich DNA. We show that the electrical properties of G4 DNA wires assessed electrochemically with MB as a redox probe differ essentially from those measured in the absence of redox indicators, indicating that the electrochemical reaction of the redox probe intercalating/interacting with the G4 DNA wires limits the overall kinetics of ET through the wire.

Original languageEnglish
Article number143761
JournalElectrochimica Acta
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2024


  • DNA-mediated electron transfer
  • Electrochemistry
  • G-quadruplexes
  • Gold electrodes
  • Methylene blue

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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