Linear and Nonlinear Properties of a Compact High-Kinetic-Inductance WSi Multimode Resonator

Naftali Kirsh, Elisha Svetitsky, Samuel Goldstein, Guy Pardo, Ori Hachmo, Nadav Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The kinetic inductance (KI) of superconducting devices can be exploited for reducing the footprint of linear elements as well as for introducing nonlinearity to the circuit. We characterize the linear and nonlinear properties of a multimode resonator fabricated from amorphous tungsten silicide (WSi), with a fundamental frequency of f1=172 MHz. We show how the multimode structure of the device can be used to extract the different quality factors and to aid the nonlinear characterization. In the linear regime, the footprint is reduced by a factor of approximately 2.9 with standard lateral dimensions, with no significant degradation of the internal quality factor compared to a similar Al device. In the nonlinear regime, we observe self-positive frequency shifts at low powers, which can be attributed to saturation of tunneling two-level systems. The cross-mode nonlinearities are described well by a Kerr model with a self-Kerr coefficient on the order of |K11|/2π≈1.5×10-7 Hz per photon. These properties, together with a reproducible fabrication process, make WSi a promising candidate for creating linear and nonlinear circuit quantum electrodynamics elements.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number044017
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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